DSLR video camera includes a choice of Automatic modes. These are pre-programmed settings that permit you to choose the maximum shutter speed as well as aperture value for the picture you wish to take. These are very useful for beginner photographers and are handy for skilled photographers who want to take pictures more efficiently. Usually, it is just a matter of getting acquainted and comfortable with the settings. Moreover, remember that every DSLR video camera has variable pre-programmed settings.
1. Auto Setting
Automatic Exposure allows the camera to pick the maximum shutter speed, aperture, ISO and flash setup for your shot. All you need to do is position yourself and shoot. This could be excellent for impromptu shoots and for setups with nothing much to work with.Scenes that are well lit would typically be exposed perfectly while scenes with irregular lighting can trigger the flash even though it isn’t required.
2. Portrait Setting
Portrait setting assumes that there is a subject in the foreground of the framework and will select a shallow depth of field in order to maintain the subject in emphasis while having the background blurred. If the cam senses the scene as dark, it will include fill-in flash. Fill-in flash is also useful when the sun casts long shadows of the subject. Portrait setting usually works best in well-lit conditions.
3. Macro Setting
Macro setting is programmed to take photographs of subjects that are usually smaller than your hand. However, macro setting won’t be able provide close-up pictures of these subjects (this requires special macro lens). Instead, this setting utilizes a shallow focal depth that concentrates on the subject which also means a smaller margin of error for the photographer. Therefore, you have to be very mindful of your subject and positioning when using this setting. If the light is reduced due to the setting, a tripod may help stabilize the image.
4. Landscape Setting
Landscape mode usually makes use of a tiny aperture (high f/number) to produce a well-concentrated picture from the foreground right into the distance. Therefore, this is great for capturing scenes that are too wide to fit in a portrait. However, this can only be achieved with a wider lens and well-lit scenes. If the foreground is sensed by the camera as dark, it will automatically trigger the flash (though this could be turned off manually).
5. Sports Setting
This setting is specially designed to capture movement. Therefore, it is set on a high shutter speed usually from 1/500 to 1/1000 of a second. The higher shutter speeds also renders the flash unnecessary though appropriate light is still required to have great shots. This setting also works best with continuous capture where multiple shots are captured in a specific span of time.
6. Night Portrait Mode
In night portrait mode, DSLR video camera will attempt to stabilize the darkness of the background while maximizing the light of the subject in the foreground. The aperture has to be relatively large to allow enough light to capture the background and keep the emphasis on the subject. Additional light is sometimes required to avoid blurring which can be supplemented by the flash.
7. Advanced Digital Camera Modes
The majority of DSLR Video Camera available today have settings represented by letters such as M (Manual), AV (Aperture-Priority), Television Logo or S (Shutter-Priority) and P (Program/Auto). Manual enables the photographer to change every single setting of the camera. Aperture-Priority allows the photographer to adjust the aperture value while automatically adjusting the shutter rate with it. Shutter-Priority is just the opposite of the AV which is useful in capturing movement. Lastly, Program is the setting closely similar with the Auto settings. This means that the camera establishes the shutter and aperture settings automatically.
Some people consider it “amateurish”to use pre-programmed modes. However, these modes are actually very beneficial to photographers in unplanned shoots and when adjusting to certain environmental factors and uncontrollable variables. These settings may help educate photographers on which mode is ideal for different events. All these will build the experience photographers need to efficiently and appropriately use the manual settings in the future.